Iceland In Brief
Official name: Iceland
Flag: Blue with a red cross outlined in white. The colours are symbolic for Iceland: red is for the volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and glaciers, and blue is for the skies above.
Size: 103,000 km 2 (40,000 sq. miles), slightly bigger than Hungary and Portugal, and slightly smaller than Cuba.
Population: 348,450 (January 2018). Median age is 35.6 years.
Capital city: Reykjavík. The largest municipalities are Reykjavík* (118,000); Kópavogur* (30,000); Hafnarfjördur* (25,000); Akureyri (17,000); Reykjanesbær (14,000). *cities in the capital region.
Government: Parliamentary constitutional republic.
Language: Icelandic. English is widely spoken and understood.
Religion: Predominantly Christian.
Currency: The Icelandic króna (plural krónur) –ISK.
Time: Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) throughout the year.
Glaciers: Glaciers cover 11,922 km 2 (4,600 sq. miles) of the island ́s surface. Vatnajökull National Park is the largest national park in Europe.
Highest point: Hvannadalshnjúkur peak 2,110 m.
Natural resources: Fish, hydropower, geothermal energy.
Natural hazards: Volcanic