Iceland In Brief

Official name: Iceland
Flag: Blue with a red cross outlined in white. The colours are symbolic for Iceland: red is for the volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and glaciers, and blue is for the skies above.
Size: 103,000 km 2 (40,000 sq. miles), slightly bigger than Hungary and Portugal, and slightly smaller than Cuba.
Population: 348,450 (January 2018). Median age is 35.6 years.
Capital city: Reykjavík. The largest municipalities are Reykjavík* (118,000); Kópavogur* (30,000); Hafnarfjördur* (25,000); Akureyri (17,000); Reykjanesbær (14,000). *cities in the capital region.
Government: Parliamentary constitutional republic.
Language: Icelandic. English is widely spoken and understood.
Religion: Predominantly Christian.
Currency: The Icelandic króna (plural krónur) –ISK.
Time: Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) throughout the year.
Glaciers: Glaciers cover 11,922 km 2 (4,600 sq. miles) of the island ́s surface. Vatnajökull National Park is the largest national park in Europe.
Highest point: Hvannadalshnjúkur peak 2,110 m.
Natural resources: Fish, hydropower, geothermal energy.
Natural hazards: Volcanic

A Year Round Destination

Every day, there is an adventure waiting to happen in North Iceland. With its abundance of mountains, volcanoes, glaciers, rivers, lakes, caves and otherwise rough terrain waiting to be tackled, Island is truly an outdoor enthusiast's paradise. But it is also a warm and welcoming place for the rest of us.

Closer Than You Think

Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is home to a progressive and peaceful nation that has formed a modern society where freedom and equality are the most important qualities. Iceland continuously ranks near the top of measurements for quality of life, gender equality, and democracy, and is one of the highest ranked countries in the world regarding health care, education and internet availability.

Purity Of Life

Icelanders have long enjoyed one of the highest life expectancies in the world. There is no definitive explanation for this, but a clean environment and a healthy diet and lifestyle probably have something to do with it. The Icelandic diet is rich in quality raw materials, farmed, bred and caught in an unpolluted environment, and produced with the utmost care. The air quality in Iceland is good due to the island's North Atlantic oceanic climate and steady winds. Furthermore, most of the electricity needs are met with renewable energy sources. Geothermal energy, a much cleaner alternative to fossil fuels, is used to heat more than ninety percent of Iceland's buildings and most of the swimming pools. In addition to recreational pools, Icelanders enjoy natural hot springs and geothermal lagoons, such as the famous Blue Lagoon and Mývatn Nature Baths, whose high levels of silicates and other minerals have an especially rejuvenating effect on the skin. The quality of the drinking water in Iceland is also exceptionally good due to a wealth of fresh water rivers that stream down from the mountains and glaciers. In fact, it’s perfectly safe and highly recommended to drink this water straight from the source. Otherwise, it’s still just a pipe away to your tap.

Where is Iceland?

Iceland is a North Atlantic island and the westernmost country in Europe, midway between North America and mainland Europe. It lies about 800 km northwest of Scotland and 970 km west of Norway, and its northern coast is just below the Arctic Circle. Iceland is the same distance from London as Athens. The distance from New York to Iceland is the same as from New York to Los Angeles. Reykjavík is the world's northernmost capital city